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Haydon Abbey School and Pre-School

We plant the seeds and help them grow


Our Curriculum for Years 1 to 6 at Haydon Abbey School


At Haydon Abbey School we are very proud of our very exciting curriculum which engages our children and gives them a thirst for life - long learning.


The school is organised into phases in order that children can work with their peers in the parallel year group.


The school has a two year rolling curriculum to ensure that all the National Curriculum skills are taught. Our curriculum themes are launched each term with a “Wow” day or trip and then celebrated at the end of term with an assembly or other form of presentation. The end of term events provide an opportunity for the children to showcase all the amazing things they have learnt.


The National Curriculum is taught as part of the broader school curriculum and consists of the Core Subjects, which are English, Mathematics, Science and Computing (ICT), and the Foundation Subjects, which are History, Geography, Art, Music, Physical Education (PE), Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education (PSHCE) and Design Technology. Religious Education (RE) is taught in accordance with the Buckinghamshire Agreed Syllabus for RE. Subjects may be incorporated into cross-curricular themes when appropriate, or taught separately when applicable.


When our youngest pupils join the school in the Early Years they will follow the Early Years Statutory Framework


Years 1 to 6 pupils are taught all National Curriculum Subjects plus Religious Education. From Year 3 pupils also learn French. We teach a broad and balanced curriculum, where children apply their knowledge, skills and understanding through meaningful cross curricular links between subjects. Our curriculum is creative and exciting where we foster a love of learning, encouraging pupils to aim high, have a ‘can do’ attitude and to take risks in their learning, without fearing failure.


In Key Stage 2 there is an emphasis on the key skills of English and Maths, with reading, spelling, punctuation and mental arithmetic receiving particular attention.


We aim to support all pupils, whatever their abilities, and so from time to time small groups or individualised sessions are arranged to further this aim.


We are aware that many of the life skills which make good learners, such as team work; the ability to reflect and evaluate; creativity; independent enquiry and the ability to manage one’s own workload and responsibilities, do not neatly fit into traditional subject areas. Because of this, we also arrange a number of cross-curricular theme days during the year to enable our pupils to challenge themselves and develop these skills in practice.

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6


Year 1





  • Read common high frequency and tricky words.
  • Apply phonic knowledge and skills to decode words.
  • Read accurately by blending sounds.  Identify which words appear again and again. Recognise and join in with
  • predictable phrases.
  • Relate reading to own experiences.
  • Use a range of strategies to help read if unsure. Retell texts with accuracy.
  • Discuss the significance of titles and events.
  • Predict what might happen using what they have already read.
  • Read aloud with pace and expression.
  • Recognise capital letters, full stops, question marks, exclamation marks and ellipses.
  • Know why the writer has used certain punctuation in a text.
  • Write sentences by saying out loud what is being written first.
  • Write clearly demarcated sentences.  Write a sequence of sentences to form a short narrative.
  • Use ‘and’ to join ideas.  Use conjunctions to join sentences (so, but, etc). Use standard forms of verbs e.g. go/went.
  • Use capital letters for names and the

personal pronoun ‘I’.

  • Use full stops.
  • Begin to use question marks and exclamation marks.
  • Use the spelling rules and knowledge of tricky words to spell words.
  • Name the letters of the alphabet.
  • Correctly form lower and upper case letters and digits.
  • Count to and across 100 forwards and backwards from any number.
  • Read and write numbers to 20 in numerals and words.
  • Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals.
  • Say 1 more/less than any given number to 100.
  • Count in multiples of 2, 5 and 10.  Use bonds and subtraction facts to 20.  Add and subtract 1 digit and 2 digit numbers to 20, including 0.
  • Read, write and solve calculations

involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs.

  • Solve one step multiplication and division problems using objects, pictures and arrays.
  • Recognise half and quarter of an object,

shape or amount.

  • Sequence events in chronological order.  Use language of day, week, month and year.
  • Tell the time to the hour and half past.
  • Measure and begin to record the following: length and height, mass/weight, capacity and volume, time (hours, minutes, seconds).
  • Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.



Year 2





  • Secure with year group phonic


  • Recognise simple recurring literary


  • Read ahead to help with fluency and


  • Comment on plot, setting and

characters in familiar and unfamiliar


  • Recount main themes and events.
  • Comment on structure of the text.
  • Use commas, question marks and

exclamation marks to vary expression.

  • Read aloud with expression and


  • Recognise: commas in lists, apostrophe of omission and possession (singular noun).
  • Identify past/present tense and why

the writer has used a tense.

  • Use content and index to locate


  • Write different kinds of sentences:

statement, question, exclamation, command.

  • Use expanded noun phrases to add

description and specification.

  • Write using subordination (when, if,

that, because) and co-ordination (or, and, but).

  • Correct and consistent use of present

tense and past tense.

  • Correct use of verb tenses
  • Write with correct and consistent use of capital letters, full stops, question marks, exclamation marks.
  • Use commas in a list.  Use apostrophe to mark omission and singular possession in nouns.
  • Write under headings.  Write lower case letters correct size relative to one another.
  • Show evidence of diagonal and

horizontal strokes to join handwriting.

  • Compare and order numbers up to 100 and use < > =.
  • Read and write all numbers to 100 in digits and words.

Say 10 more/less than any number to 100.

  • Count in steps of 2, 3 & 5 from zero
  • and in 10s from any number (forwards and backwards).

Recall and use multiplication and division facts for 2, 5 & 10 tables.

  • Recall and use +/- facts to 20.
  • Derive and use related facts to 100.
  • Recognise place value of any 2-digit


  • Add and subtract: 2 -digit numbers and ones, 2 -digit numbers and tens, two 2 -digit numbers, three 1 –digit numbers.
  • Recognise and use inverse (+/-).
  • Calculate and write multiplication and

division calculations using multiplication


  • Recognise, find, name and write 1/3; 1/4; 2/4; 3/4.
  • Write and recognise equivalence of

simple fractions.

  • Tell time to five minutes, including quarter past/to.



Year 3





  • Comment on the way characters relate to one another.
  • Know which words are essential in a sentence to retain meaning.
  • Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions.
  • Recognise how commas are used to give more meaning.
  • Recognise inverted commas.
  • Recognise: plurals, pronouns and how used, collective nouns, adverbs.
  • Explain the difference that the precise choice of adjectives and verbs make.
  • Use conjunctions (e.g. when, so, before, after, while, because).
  • Use adverbs (e.g. then, next, soon).
  • Use prepositions (e.g. before, after, during, in, because of).
  • Experiment with adjectives to create impact.
  • Correctly use verbs in 1st, 2nd and 3rd person.
  • Use perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause.
  • Use inverted commas to punctuate direct speech.
  • Group ideas into basic paragraphs.
  • Write under headings and subheadings.
  • Compare & order numbers up to 1000.
  • Read & write all numbers to 1000 in digits and words.
  • Find 10 or 100 more/less than a given number.
  • Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100.
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for 3, 4, 8 tables.
  • Recognise place value of any 3-digit number.
  • Add and subtract: 3 -digit numbers and ones, 3--digit numbers and tens, 3 -digit numbers and hundreds.
  • Add and subtract: number with up to 3 -digits using written column method.
  • Estimate and use inverse to check.
  • Multiply: 2-digit by 1-digit.
  • Count up/down in tenths.
  • Compare and order fractions with same denominator.
  • Add and subtract fractions with same denominator with whole.
  • Tell time using 12 and 24 hour clocks; and using Roman numerals.



Year 4





  • Give a personal point of view on a text.
  • Re -explain a text with confidence.
  • Justify inferences with evidence, predicting what might happen from details stated or implied.
  • Use appropriate voices for characters within a story.
  • Recognise apostrophe of possession (plural).
  • Identify how sentence type can be changed by altering word order, tenses, adding/deleting words or amending punctuation.
  • Explain why a writer has used different sentence types or a particular word order and the effect it has created.
  • Vary sentence structure, using different openers.
  • Use adjectival phrases (e.g. biting cold wind).
  • Use appropriate choice of noun or pronoun.
  • Use fronted adverbials.
  • Use apostrophe for plural possession.
  • Use a comma after fronted adverbial (e.g. Later that day, I heard bad news.).
  • Use commas to mark clauses.
  • Use inverted commas and other punctuation to punctuate direct speech.
  • Use paragraphs to organise ideas around a theme.
  • Use connecting adverbs to link paragraphs.
  • Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers.
  • Compare and order numbers beyond
  • 1000.
  • Compare and order numbers with up to 2 decimal places.
  • Read Roman numerals to 100.
  • Find 1000 more/less than a given number
  • Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000.
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for all times tables 12 x 12.
  • Recognise place value of a 4 –digit number.
  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000.
  • Round decimals with 1 decimal place to nearest whole number.
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4-digits using written column method.
  • Multiply 2 -digit by 1 -digit and 3 –digit by 1 -digit.
  • Count up/down in hundredths.
  • Recognise and write equivalent fractions.
  • Add and subtract fractions with same denominator.



Year 5





  • Summarise main points of an argument or discussion within their reading and make up own mind about issue/s.
  • Compare between two texts.
  • Appreciate that people use bias in

persuasive writing.

  • Appreciate how two people may have a different view on the same event.
  • Draw inferences and justify with evidence from the text.
  • Vary voice for direct or indirect speech.
  • Recognise clauses within sentences.
  • Explain how and why a writer has used clauses to add information to a sentence.
  • Use more than one source when carrying out research.
  • Add phrases to make sentences more precise and detailed.
  • Use range of sentence openers —judging the impact or effect needed.
  • Begin to adapt sentence structure to text type.
  • Use pronouns to avoid repetition.
  • Indicate degrees of possibility using adverbs (e.g. perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (e.g. might, should, will).
  • Use the following to indicate parenthesis: brackets; dashes; commas.
  • Use commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity.
  • Link clauses in sentences using a range of subordinating and coordinating conjunctions.
  • Use verb phrases to create subtle differences (e.g. she began to run).
  • Consistently organise into paragraphs.
  • Link ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time (e.g. later), place (e.g. nearby) and number (e.g. secondly).
  • Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed
  • Count forwards and backwards with positive and negative numbers through zero.
  • Count forwards/backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000.
  • Compare and order numbers up to 1,000,000.
  • Compare and order numbers with 3 decimal places.
  • Read Roman numerals to 1,000.  Identify all multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs.
  • Use known tables to derive other number facts.
  • Recall prime numbers up to 19.
  • Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers.
  • Recognise place value of any number up to 1,000,000.
  • Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10,100,1000,10,000 or 100,000.
  • Round decimals with 2 decimal places to nearest whole number and 1 decimal place.
  • Add and subtract numbers with more than 4 digits using formal written method.
  • Use rounding to check answers.
  • Multiply:- 4-digits by 1-digit/2-digit
  • Divide:- Up to 4-digits by 1-digit
  • Multiply & divide: whole numbers & decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000.
  • Recognise and use thousandths.
  • Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to another.
  • Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers.
  • Identify and write equivalent fractions.
  • Solve time problems using timetables and converting between different units of time.



Year 6





  • Refer to text to support opinions and predictions.
  • Give a view about choice of vocabulary, structure, etc.
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion.
  • Appreciate how a set of sentences has been arranged to create maximum effect.
  • Recognise: complex sentences with more than one subordinate clause; phrases which add detail to sentences.
  • Explain how a writer has used sentences to create particular effects.
  • Skim and scan to aide note-taking.
  • Use subordinate clauses to write complex sentences.
  • Use passive voice where appropriate.
  • Use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely (e.g. the fact that it was raining meant the end of sports day).
  • Use a sentence structure and layout matched to requirements of text type.
  • Use semi-colon, colon or dash to mark the boundary between independent clauses.
  • Use colon to introduce a list and semi colon within a list.
  • Use correct punctuation of bullet points.
  • Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity.
  • Use full range of punctuation matched to requirements of text type.
  • Use wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.
  • Use paragraphs to signal change in time, scene, action, mood or person.
  • Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed.
  • Use negative numbers in context and calculate intervals across zero.
  • Compare and order numbers up to 10,000,000.
  • Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.
  • Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy.
  • Identify the value of each digit to 3 decimal places.
  • Use knowledge of order of operations to carry out calculations involving four operations.
  • Multiply: 4-digit by 2-digit
  • Divide: 4-digit by 2-digit
  • Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers.
  • Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in the simplest form.


Haydon Abbey Themed Curriculum Year 1 to Year 6


The school combines the interests of the children and the National Curriculum skills to create topics that are engaging and exciting for all. Children from each phase are asked to express their current interests and any areas that they would like to develop their knowledge of, these ideas are then used to build themes taught for that term. Our curriculum themes are launched each term with a “WOW” day or trip which gives children experiences that will enrich their learning and capture their excitement. Children will then hold end of term events which provide an opportunity for the children to showcase all the amazing things that they have learnt.

Children in Year 1 and 2 do two themes per term







(Key Stage 1) =

Years 1 and 2



To Infinity and Beyond

During this topic children learnt about the famous space race and various aspects of the history of space travel.

Gunpowder, Treason and Plot

This theme allowed children to explore the history of the gunpowder plot and the reasons behind the celebration of bonfire night.



British Legends and Monsters

Children explored the British isles and the significant landmarks and stories from each country within the United Kingdom.

Heroes and Villains

KS1 explored a range of famous people throughout history to determine if their influence on the world would class them as a hero or a villain.



Around the World in 80 Bricks

The children will take a tour around the world looking at the geographical features of various countries.

Let Me Entertain You

Children will be exploring the history of entertainment focusing on the development of theatre and circus.





(Lower Key Stage) =

Years 3 and 4

Back to the Future

Children considered various inventions, from the stone age through to current day, and considered their impact on the world today. This theme also saw the children contemplate the question ‘has technology gone too far?’

Bean to Bar

During this theme children looked at various land use and explored the origins of food, focusing on Ecuador and its natural resources. Children also thoroughly enjoyed a trip to Cadbury’s world as part of this topic.

Momentous Monarchs

This theme will see children exploring the current royal family within Britain and looking through the ancestry back to Tudor times. Children will also be comparing our royal family to others within Europe.



(Upper Key Stage) =

Years 5 and 6

Tudor Times

Children explored the famous Tudor family and the discoveries of the Tudor times as part of this theme. They learned of Henry VIII, his wives and his line of succession as well as other famous Tudors and their expeditions. Children also enjoyed a trip to Sulgrave Manor where they experienced the life of a Tudor.


Seeking Safety

This theme focused on the experiences, journeys and struggles of refugees through time. Children learnt about various wars and the impact that had on families living in those countries. There was a large focus on the current Syrian refugee crisis and children collected tea and coffee which was transported to a refugee camp in Calais.

What a Wonderful World

During this term children will be exploring the Natural wonders of the world, discovering their locations, how they were formed and why they are classed as a wonder of the world.